The Edsger W. Dijkstra Prize in Distributed Computing is named for Edsger Wybe Dijkstra (1930-2002), a pioneer in the area of distributed computing. His foundational work on concurrency primitives (such as the semaphore), concurrency problems (such as mutual exclusion and deadlock), reasoning about concurrent systems, and self-stabilization comprises one of the most important supports upon which the field of distributed computing is built. No other individual has had a larger influence on research in principles of distributed computing.The prize is given for outstanding papers on the principles of distributed computing, whose significance and impact on the theory and/or practice of distributed computing have been evident for at least a decade. The Prize includes an award of $2000.The Prize is sponsored jointly by the ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing (PODC) and the EATCS Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC). This award is presented annually, with the presentation taking place alternately at PODC and DISC. The winners of the award will share the cash award, and each winning author will be presented with a plaque. An announcement of each year’s prize recipient(s) will be included in the PODC and DISC proceedings of that year, describing the paper’s lasting contributions.
- 2018 citation
- 2017 citation
- Elizabeth Borowsky and Eli Gafni for “Generalized FLP impossibility result for t-resilient asynchronous computations” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing (STOC 93), pages 91-100, May 1993.
- 2016 citation
- Noga Alon, László Babai, and Alon Itai for “A Fast and Simple Randomized Parallel Algorithm for the Maximal Independent Set Problem” in Journal of Algorithms, 7(4):567-583, 1986.
- Michael Luby for “Simple Parallel Algorithm for the Maximal Independent Set Problem” in the Proceedings of the 17th Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing (STOC), pp. 1-10, May 1985, and in SIAM Journal on Computing, 15(4):1036-1053, 1986.
- 2015 citation
- Michael Ben-Or for “Another Advantage of Free Choice: Completely Asynchronous Agreement Protocols” in Proceedings of the Second ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing, pages 27-30, August 1983.
- Michael O. Rabin for “Randomized Byzantine Generals” in Proceedings of Twenty-Fourth IEEE Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, pages 403-409, November 1983.
- 2014 citation
- Kanianthra Mani Chandy and Leslie Lamport for “Distributed Snapshots: Determining Global States of Distributed Systems” in ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, 3(1):63–75, 1985.
- 2013 citation
- 2012 citation
- Maurice Herlihy and J. Eliot B. Moss for “Transactional Memory: Architectural Support for Lock-Free Data Structures” in Proceedings of the 20th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture, pages 289-300, May 1993.
- Nir Shavit and Dan Touitou for “Software Transactional Memory” in Distributed Computing, 10(2):99-116, February 1997. (An earlier version appeared in the Proceedings of the 14th Annual ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing, pages 204-213, August 1995.)
- 2011 citation
- Hagit Attiya, Amotz Bar-Noy, and Danny Dolev for “Sharing Memory Robustly in Message-Passing Systems” in Journal of the ACM, 42(1):124-142, 1995.
- 2010 citation
- Tushar D. Chandra and Sam Toueg for “Unreliable Failure Detectors for Reliable Distributed Systems” in Journal of the ACM, 43(2):225-267, 1996.
- Tushar D. Chandra, Vassos Hadzilacos, and Sam Toueg for “The Weakest Failure Detector for Solving Consensus” in Journal of the ACM, 43(4):685-722, 1996.
- 2009 citation
- Joseph Halpern and Yoram Moses for “Knowledge and Common Knowledge in a Distributed Environment” in the Journal of the ACM, 37(3):549-587, July 1990.
- 2008 citation
- 2007 citation
- 2006 citation
- John M. Mellor-Crummey and Michael L. Scott for “Algorithms for scalable synchronization on shared-memory multiprocessors” in ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, 9(1):21-65, February 1991.
- 2005 citation
- 2004 citation
- R. G. Gallager, P. A. Humblet, and P. M. Spira for “A Distributed Algorithm for Minimum-Weight Spanning Trees” in ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems, 5(1):66-77, January 1983.
- 2003 citation
- 2002 citation*
- Edsger W. Dijkstra for “Self-stabilizing systems in spite of distributed control” in Communications of the ACM, 17(11):643-644, November 1974.
- 2001 citation*
- Michael J. Fischer, Nancy A. Lynch, and Michael S. Paterson for “Impossibility of Distributed Consensus with One Faulty Process” in Journal of the ACM, 32(2):374-382, April 1985.
- 2000 citation*
- Leslie Lamport for “Time, Clocks, and the Ordering of Events in a Distributed System” in Communications of the ACM, 21(7):558-565, July 1978.
*The “Dijkstra Prize” was awarded under the name “PODC Influential-Paper Award” in the years 2000, 2001, and 2002.
The winner of the Prize is selected by a committee of six members. The Award Committee will consist of the current PODC and DISC program chairs, the PODC program chairs from five and ten years ago, and the DISC program chairs from five and ten years ago. The Award Committee will be chaired alternately by the current PODC and DISC program chairs.
If the resulting committee consists of less than six distinct members (because one of the specified program chairs is unable to serve on the committee or because a single person has served in the role of more than one of the specified program chairs), then the committee chair will nominate a replacement of similar stature for the approval of the PODC and DISC steering committees. The PODC and DISC steering committees shall be the final authority on the membership of the awards committee.
Nominations and eligibility
At least four months prior to each year’s PODC or DISC (whichever comes earlier), a Call for Nominations will be posted on the PODC and DISC mailing lists. Nominations may be made by any member of the scientific community. Each nomination must identify the paper being nominated and include a short paragraph (approximately 200 words) justifying the nomination. Papers appearing in any conference proceedings or journal are eligible, as long as they have had a significant impact on research areas of interest within the theory of distributed computing community, and as long as the year of the original publication is at least ten years prior to the year in which the award is given.
Papers authored or co-authored by members of the Award Committee will not be eligible for consideration.
Members of the Award Committee can nominate papers as well. However, they must carefully consider nominations from within the community. Members of the Award Committee should be especially sensitive to conflict-of-interests issues if papers by former students or close colleagues are nominated (members of the Award Committee cannot nominate such papers themselves).
Although the Award Committee is encouraged to consult with the distributed computing community at large, the Award Committee is solely responsible for the selection of the winner of the award. The prize may be shared by more than one paper. All matters relating to the selection process that are not specified here are left to the discretion of the Award Committee.
Financing the award
- The award is financed with the combination of income from endowments and registration fees. Each of ACM PODC and EATCS DISC will provide an equal share of $1,000 towards the $2,000 award at least two weeks prior to the official start date of the conference at which the prize will be awarded.
- The PODC share is financed with income from an endowment at ACM that is based on gifts from the ACM Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computation Theory (SIGACT), the ACM Special Interest Group on Operating Systems (SIGOPS), the AT&T Corporation, the Hewlett-Packard Company, the International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation, the Intel Corporation, and Sun Microsystems, Inc. If the income from the endowment is insufficient to fund a year’s prize, the prize will be financed partially from the endowment and partially from that year’s PODC budget.
- The DISC share is financed with income from an endowment at EATCS that is based on contributions from several year’s DISC budgets, and gifts from Microsoft Research, the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación of Spain. If the income from the endowment is insufficient to fund a year’s prize, the prize will be financed partially from the endowment and partially from that year’s DISC budget.
- If either PODC or DISC is unable to produce $1,000, then the value of the award will be the sum of the amounts produced.
- Should one party (PODC or DISC) be unable two times to produce its $1,000 share of the award, then the steering committee of the other party will have the option of revising the definition of the Award Committee and determining the venue where the award will be presented, unless both parties can come to a mutually agreeable resolution.
- Should both parties (PODC and DISC) be unable two times to produce the respective $1,000, then the definition of the award will be referred to ACM and EATCS for a mutually agreeable resolution.